What Are The Different Characteristics Of Management?

Management and its characteristics

Can you guess what sets successful organizations apart from the rest? It’s effective management! Management is the driving force that ensures businesses operate smoothly and achieve their goals. Management is like a book with hundreds of lessons. Like definitions, concepts, characteristics, levels, and functions of management. You will get to know them in this write-up. But what are the different characteristics of management that make it such a critical aspect of running an organization? In this article, we’ll delve into the different traits that make up management and explore how they contribute to an organization’s success.

Management and its characteristics


Stay tuned!

What is Management? Explain the concept

Let’s begin with the definition of “Management” and then peep into its concept.

Definition of management


Management is defined as a process of organizing a business to ensure a seamless workflow and operations to meet the company’s goals. Fundamentally, its primary goal is to create a work-friendly environment so that the employees work efficiently and productively.

You can say that “Management” is a universal phenomenon. It exists in every organization, regardless of its size, industry, or structure. Whether it’s a multinational corporation, a non-profit organization, or a small startup. Management is essential to ensure all activities are coordinated and aligned towards a common purpose. From planning and decision-making to execution and control, management is involved in every aspect of an organization’s operations. 

Does it still sound complicated? Don’t worry. Just read the example given below. It will help you to understand the concept easily!

Concept of Management

Description of the concept of management

Imagine you are the captain of a ship, navigating through waters and unpredictable weather. Your ultimate goal is to safely reach your destination while maximizing the efficiency and harmony among your crew. In this scenario, management is like being the captain of the ship, responsible for orchestrating and optimizing all the resources at hand.

As the captain, you need to set clear objectives and chart the course for your crew. You establish a vision of where you want to go and communicate it to everyone on board. You define the goals, the strategies, and the timelines required to accomplish the mission. This ensures that everyone is on the same page and working towards a common objective.

However, managing a ship is not just about giving orders and expecting them to be followed blindly. It’s about building a cohesive team and empowering individuals to take ownership of their roles. You delegate responsibilities to crew members based on their strengths and expertise. For example, you assign one person to navigate, another to handle the sails, and yet another to oversee the engine room. By leveraging the skills and talents of each team member, you create a synergy that propels the ship forward.

In conclusion, management is like being the captain of a ship, guiding and steering the crew toward a common goal. It involves setting clear objectives, delegating responsibilities, fostering teamwork, encouraging communication, and adapting to changes. By effectively managing the ship, you ensure a smooth voyage and successful arrival at your desired destination.

Quite a long explanation… Right? But here the goal is to make you understand the concept of management. We hope you understood it! Now, it’s time to dive into the different characteristics of management. 

Here we go!

Characteristics of Management

By now, you have understood that “management” is a vital component of any organization, serving as the driving force behind its success. It involves coordinating and directing the efforts of individuals to achieve common goals and objectives. But what exactly are the characteristics of management that make it such a crucial aspect of running a business? Let’s discuss the different attributes that define management. Also, you will get to know how they contribute to the effective functioning of an organization.

Characteristics of Management

1. Universal

The first characteristic of management is its universality. It is present in all types of organizations, irrespective of their size, nature, or industry. Whether it’s a multinational corporation, a non-profit organization, or a small startup, management plays a pivotal role in ensuring the smooth operation of various activities. Consider the following example-

The management team of a company sets production targets, organizes resources, and coordinates operations without mentioning specific individuals. They provide leadership, communicate goals, and motivate employees to achieve optimal performance. By implementing quality control measures, they ensure product consistency and customer satisfaction. The management team monitors financials, analyses data, and takes corrective actions to improve efficiency. Regardless of the specific individuals involved, this example illustrates the universal nature of management in driving productivity, maintaining quality, and achieving organizational success.

2. Goal-Oriented Process

goal-oriented process

Management is a goal-oriented process. Here, managers work towards achieving specific objectives. This characteristic focuses on achieving organizational objectives by aligning the efforts of individuals and resources toward a common purpose. It ensures that everyone within the organization is working towards a shared vision and contributing to its realization.

For example, consider a marketing team aiming to launch a new product. The managers set the goal of capturing a certain market share within a specified timeframe. They plan strategies, allocate resources, and guide team members toward achieving that goal. They monitor progress, make necessary adjustments, and ensure that the team remains focused on the objective. By aligning activities and efforts towards the desired outcome, management transforms goals into tangible results, making it a goal-oriented process.

3. Pervasive

The term “Pervasive” means prevalent. Management is pervasive throughout the organization, cutting across all levels and departments. It is not limited to the top executives or the managers alone but extends to every individual responsible for executing tasks and making decisions. Every employee, from the frontline workers to the middle managers, plays a role in the management process.

For instance, in a retail store, the store manager oversees operations, department managers handle specific areas, and supervisors manage teams. Each level requires management skills. Additionally, functions like finance, human resources, and marketing all have their management components. For example, the finance manager ensures financial stability, the HR manager handles employee-related matters, and the marketing manager develops and implements strategies. Management is pervasive as it permeates every aspect of an organization, ensuring coordination, efficiency, and achievement of goals at all levels and functions.

4. Multidimensional

Management encompasses various dimensions, including work management, people management, and operations management. Work management involves planning and organizing tasks to achieve desired outcomes. People management focuses on effectively leading and motivating individuals to maximize their potential. Operations management deals with the efficient utilization of resources to ensure smooth production and delivery of goods and services.

In short, the multidimensional nature of management means that managers need to possess a diverse set of skills and knowledge. Reason? To effectively navigate and address the complexities and challenges that arise in different areas of the organization!

5. Continuous Process

Management is a continuous process that involves ongoing activities rather than a one-time event. It encompasses planning, organizing, staffing, directing, and controlling functions. These are performed repeatedly to sustain and improve the organization’s performance. It is a cyclical process that requires constant monitoring and adaptation to changing circumstances.

6. Group Activity

Group activity

Management is not a task like a “one-man army.” Let me ask you one thing. What did you find common in all the examples given above? It is teamwork! Better you can say that management is a group activity involving collaboration and coordination among individuals. It emphasizes the integration of efforts to accomplish the shared goals of an organization. Effective communication, collaboration, and the ability to work well with others are crucial for successful management.

7. Dynamic Function

It refers to a process where things and their surrounding keeps on changing and evolving with time. Do you know management is a dynamic function? Therefore, it adapts to the evolving business environment. It requires managers to stay abreast of industry trends, technological advancements, and market conditions to make informed decisions. The ability to embrace change, think creatively, and lead with flexibility is essential for effective management. Take the example of a horizontal marketing system. With the change of time, different companies collaborate to execute their business profitably in a win-win way.

8. Intangible Process

The term “intangible” means something that exists but still cannot be touched or seen through the eyes. Have you heard about intangible assets that refer to patents, trademarks, and copyrights? These are the things that exist in an unmaterialistic form. Thus, unlike tangible assets like machinery or inventory, management is an intangible process. It involves the coordination of human resources, ideas, and knowledge to drive organizational performance. The success of management is not measured in physical terms but through outcomes such as increased productivity, improved customer satisfaction, and financial growth.

These were the eight crucial characteristics of management. Now, it’s time to delve into some other important facts about “Management.”

Levels of Management

Different levels of management

Management can be categorized into three levels:

1. Top-level management

It comprises executives, board members, and high-ranking officials. The top-level management is responsible for setting organizational goals, formulating strategies, and making key decisions. They directly shape the direction of the company.

2. Middle-level management

It bridges the gap between top-level management and lower-level employees. The positions that are considered middle-level management are-

  • Branch Managers
  • Store Managers
  • Regional Managers
  • Department Managers

They translate the strategies set by the top management into actionable plans and coordinate departmental activities. Thus, they ensure effective communication within the organization.

3. Lower-level management

The lower-level managers are responsible for executing the plans and policies set by the higher management levels. Their activities involve overseeing day-to-day operations, supervising employees, and reporting the progress to their higher-ups. They are closely involved in the implementation of tasks and play a crucial role in achieving organizational objectives.

Functions of Management

Functions of management

To effectively fulfill their roles, managers perform various functions:

  1. Planning: This involves setting objectives, identifying actions to achieve them, and formulating strategies to guide the organization toward its goals.
  2. Organizing: Managers organize resources, allocate tasks, and establish structures and systems to ensure efficient workflow and coordination.
  3. Staffing: It involves recruiting, selecting, training, and developing employees to build a capable and motivated workforce.
  4. Directing: Managers provide guidance, lead by example, and motivate employees to achieve their best performance. They communicate goals, assign responsibilities, and foster a positive work environment.
  5. Controlling: The management team monitors performance, compares it against set standards, and takes corrective actions if deviations occur. This function ensures that the organization is on track to achieve its objectives.


We can conclude that management will continue to be a critical asset for organizations. You have read about different characteristics of management. Right? Thus, you know that effective management ensures strategic agility by adapting to dynamic market conditions. With a focus on ethical leadership and corporate social responsibility, management fosters trust, reputation, and sustainable growth. In a rapidly evolving business landscape, management will play a key role in navigating complexities, seizing opportunities, and steering organizations toward long-term success.

If you learn effective ways of management, your organization can thrive in the competitive business landscape. Also, you can seize golden opportunities in the future!


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Published By: Supti Nandi
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