Can India’s Surya Ghar Yojna Really Make It The Solar Power?

Surya Ghar Yojna

Do you remember the Rooftop solar scheme (Suryoday Yojna) announced by our honorable PM during the inauguration of the Ram Temple in Ayodhya? Soon after that, our Finance Minister announced the Surya Ghar Yojna!

Surya Ghar Yojna

The former scheme encourages Indians to install solar panels on their rooftops while the latter offers 300 units of free electricity to the one crore houses on which rooftop panels will be installed. 

Looks like the Indian govt is working quite hard to utilize the solar energy! What is the story behind it? You ask. Can India’s Surya Ghar Yojna really make it the solar power?

Let’s find out!

(A) The Story Behind Surya Ghar Yojna

Right after the grand opening of the Ram temple in Ayodhya, Prime Minister Narendra Modi shared some exciting news. He introduced the Suryodaya Yojana, a plan to install solar panels on rooftops for the country’s poor and middle-class families. Guess what? Around one crore families are going to benefit from this scheme! 

Note: We have already explained the Rooftop Solar Scheme in detail. Go through it for detailed information.

And you know what’s cool? It’ll help lower electricity bills for those families.

But wait, there’s more! 

When Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the budget, she spilled the beans about this scheme. She mentioned that families with rooftop solar panels installed under the Suryodaya Yojana would receive up to 300 units of free electricity. Plus, she outlined all the awesome perks of having these solar panels on your roof.

Fast forward to another announcement by PM Modi, but this time, it’s called the PM Surya Ghar Yojna i.e. Free Electricity Scheme. He revealed that a whopping Rs.75,000 crore is being invested in this initiative! 

The goal? 

Lighting up one crore homes by offering free electricity up to 300 units. 

And guess what? 

The government is making sure people don’t have to bear the cost of solar panels. They’ll get maximum subsidies. Plus, to spread the word, local communities and panchayats will be encouraged to promote rooftop solar panels.

So, what’s the deal with these two schemes? Well, they’re basically twins! One’s called PM Suryodaya Yojana, focusing on solar panels on rooftops, while the other, PM Surya Ghar Yojana, is all about giving homes free electricity. See how they’re connected pretty neatly!

(B) Can India become a Solar Power through the Surya Ghar Yojana?

Solar Power (Renewable Energy)

Yes, absolutely! The Surya Ghar Yojana is a significant step towards making India a solar power. As you know, India is a tropical country with abundant sunlight. Imagine if we can utilize the scorching heat of the sun to produce electricity and using that electricity to run our Air Conditioners. 

What can be better than that… isn’t it?

By investing heavily in solar energy infrastructure and providing free electricity to millions of households, the government is not only promoting renewable energy but also reducing the burden on traditional power sources. 

With the widespread adoption of solar panels on rooftops, India can harness its abundant sunlight to generate clean and sustainable energy, paving the way for a brighter and greener future.

Is this a hypothesis? Or do other countries have also utilized solar power to reduce the burden on conventional electricity production?

Go through the next section and you’ll find out!

(B.1) Countries Leading Solar Power

There is a reason why the Sun has been called an ultimate source of energy for ages. Let’s look at the countries that are successfully producing a heavy amount of solar power-

CountriesSolar Energy ProductionCapacity FactorLargest Solar Power Project
China250 GW14%Tengger Desert Solar Park
United States of America90 GW12%Solar Star
Japan70 GW21%Setouchi Kirei Solar Power Plant
Germany50 GW14%Lieberose Solar Park
India40 GW17%Bhadla Solar Park
Italy 20 GW13%Montalto di Castro Solar Park
Australia15 GW15%Sunraysia Solar Farm
United Kingdom10 GW11%Cleve Hill Solar Park
South Korea10 GW14%SinAn Solar Power Plant
France10 GW13%Cestas Solar Park
Countries with leading Solar Power (Information source: Wikipedia)

Isn’t it good to see India in the 5th spot? But that’s not enough! We need to climb up to the 1st spot. And thankfully with numerous government schemes, we will become the largest solar power soon.

(B.2) Business Impact on Electricity Front

What is Solar Panel
Image: Solar Panels in Thar Desert

As you know, the PM Surya Ghar Yojna is a significant initiative aimed at promoting solar energy adoption in India. Here’s how it will impact the electricity business-

Increased Solar Rooftop Installations

The PM Surya Ghar Muft Bijli Yojana aims to catalyze solar energy adoption by targeting 10 million households for rooftop solar panel installations. This initiative will lead to a surge in solar rooftop installations across the country, presenting lucrative opportunities for businesses operating in the solar energy sector.

Capacity Addition

Under the scheme, the objective is to add 30 GW of solar capacity through rooftop solar installations in residential areas. This ambitious goal translates to the generation of 1000 billion units (BUs) of electricity over the 25-year lifetime of the rooftop systems. This massive capacity addition will drive demand for the following-

  • Solar Panels
  • Inverters
  • Mounting Structures
  • Other related equipment

Thus, it will significantly boost businesses in the solar energy supply chain.

Reduced Carbon Emissions

By promoting solar power generation, Surya Ghar Yojna aims to mitigate carbon emissions. It is estimated that the scheme could reduce 720 million tonnes of CO2 equivalent emissions over the lifetime of the solar systems. This environmental benefit not only aligns with India’s commitment to combating climate change but also enhances the attractiveness of solar energy as a clean and sustainable alternative to traditional sources of electricity.

Business Opportunities

The implementation of the Surya Ghar Yojana has sparked a flurry of business activity in the renewable energy sector. Companies like Tata Power are strategically positioning themselves to capitalize on the growth opportunities presented by the scheme. With plans to cover 20% of the planned capacity under the initiative, Tata Power anticipates significant growth in its rooftop solar business. 

The company’s investments in module and cell manufacturing facilities prove its dedication to meet the increased demand for solar products driven by the Surya Ghar Yojna.

Simply put, PM Surya Ghar Muft Bijli Yojana is set to change how we get electricity in India. By encouraging more people to use solar power, it’s opening up new business opportunities and helping the environment too. 

(C) Upcoming Challenges

India's Green Ambitions with Solar Panels

As India moves towards using more solar energy, companies in the renewable energy sector have a chance to grow and be part of this big change in how we power our homes and businesses. But the implementation of this scheme isn’t gonna be a cakewalk. there are some upcoming challenges to consider-

(C.1) Implementation Challenges

Implementing a nationwide scheme like the PM-Surya Ghar Yojana comes with its own set of hurdles. Why? You may wonder.

See, India is vast and diverse, so ensuring smooth installation, maintenance, and monitoring of rooftop solar panels across the country is no easy feat. It’s like coordinating a massive puzzle with pieces scattered everywhere! Plus, getting everyone—state governments, local bodies, utility companies—on the same page is crucial but challenging.

(C.2) Loan Accessibility

Now, let’s talk money. While there are low-interest loan options available for installing solar panels, making sure everyone eligible can easily access these loans is a different story. From dealing with paperwork to meeting eligibility criteria, there are barriers that need to be overcome. 

(C.3) Awareness and Education

Ever heard the saying, “Knowledge is power“? Well, it applies here too. Many households might not fully grasp the benefits of rooftop solar or may have some misconceptions about it. That’s why spreading the word and educating people about the perks—like saving money and being eco-friendly—is crucial. Poetically saying- In rural areas, this scheme is like shining a light on something that’s still in the shadows.

(C.4) Net Metering Policies

Here’s where things get a bit technical. Net metering policies need a closer look to ensure everyone gets a fair deal. It’s all about making sure consumers and distribution companies (DISCOMs) are compensated fairly for their energy transactions. Having clear rules on how surplus energy is handled and how billing works is super important.

(C.5) Regulatory Frameworks

Last but not least, let’s talk about rules and regulations. Having clear and stable rules is like having a roadmap—it gives everyone a sense of direction. From getting approvals to meeting quality standards and safety protocols, having transparent guidelines is key. And making sure these rules are consistent across states? It’s like ensuring everyone speaks the same language, boosting confidence for investors.

In a nutshell, overcoming these challenges is crucial for making the PM-Surya Ghar Yojana a success. It’s all about paving the way for a brighter, more sustainable future for India!

(D) Future Prospects

What is Solar Power

The Surya Ghar Yojna is a significant step toward harnessing solar power and making India more energy-efficient. In other words, it is paving the way for India to become a solar powerhouse. By encouraging more people to install solar panels on their rooftops, we’re getting closer to generating a lot more solar energy. 

This means we won’t have to rely as much on other sources of power, making our energy supply more secure. Plus, it puts India on the map as a leader in using clean, renewable energy. 

As long as the government keeps supporting the program, and people keep getting excited about solar power, we’re looking at a bright future powered by the sun!

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Published By: Supti Nandi
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Priya Kumari
Priya Kumari
4 days ago

By the way who will cover the cost of solar panels? Govt. or common citizens?

Zebina Hussain
Zebina Hussain
4 days ago

I love in Cherapunji and rarely see sunrays. You know North Eastern rains? I don’t think this solar scheme is beneficial for us ☹️☹️