Key Reasons Behind ICICI Bank & ICICI Securities Merger

ICICI Securities Merger

Have you ever wondered about the root causes of the ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities merger? Well, in June 2023, ICICI Bank proposed to make ICICI Securities its own again. You know what, this could be good for ICICI Bank’s shareholders because of the current stock prices. But for ICICI Securities shareholders, there might be some issues with the swap ratio. So, this merger isn’t just about joining two companies. 

ICICI Securities Merger

But the main question is- What are the key reasons behind ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities merger? The merger has also a lot to do with what shareholders want and what’s happening in the market. 

Let’s dive into why this merger is happening and what it means for everyone involved!

(A) Story So Far: ICICI Bank & ICICI Securities Merger

It was June 2023, and ICICI Bank planned to take ICICI Securities off the stock exchange. They got the green light from the board of directors for this move, making ICICI Securities fully owned by ICICI Bank once more.

Now, here is the deal– ICICI Bank wants to merge its 75% subsidiary, ICICI Securities, by offering investors 0.67 shares of ICICI Bank for each share they have in ICICI Securities. This swap ratio puts ICICI Securities at a discount of 30-77% compared to similar companies, based on earnings forecasts for the fiscal year ending March 2024.

Sounds complicated? Let me explain in simple terms

The delisting of ICICI Securities’ shares will happen through a share swap. If you’re a public shareholder, you’ll get 67 shares of ICICI Bank for every 100 shares you hold in the brokerage firm. Just so you know, ICICI Securities became publicly traded in April 2018, with ICICI Bank selling some of its stakes during the IPO.

Fast forward to January 2024, the National Company Law Tribunal’s Ahmedabad Bench gave the thumbs up to ICICI Bank’s plan to merge with ICICI Securities. They were told to hold an Extraordinary General Meeting (EGM) on March 27 to get shareholder approval.

Remember April 4, 2018? 

That’s when ICICI Securities made its stock exchange debut, listing at Rs 432, which was 17% lower than its IPO price of Rs 520. A fund says if a reverse merger swap ratio had been set on that day, it would have been 1.65 ICICI Bank shares for every ICICI Securities share, a whopping 146% more than the current offer.

Do you know the biggest shareholder Norges Fund Investment Bank? They’re on board with the merger proposal. Vijay Chandok, MD & CEO of ICICI Securities, sees a lot of synergies in the merger, like customer sourcing, acquisition, technology, and banking solutions, which would give them a leg up as a delisted, unlisted company.

So, now that you’re up to peep on the details, let’s dig into why ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities are joining forces.

(B) Key Reasons Behind ICICI Bank & ICICI Securities Merger

There are several strategic reasons for the ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities merger. Let’s have a brief look into the reasons-

Key ReasonsDetail
Synergy & Efficiency BoostIntegration of ICICI Securities with ICICI Bank streamlines operations and enhances efficiency through collaboration.
Holistic Financial Services The merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities offers customers a complete suite of financial services, combining banking expertise with brokerage services.     
Customer Sourcing & AcquisitionThe merger expands its customer base, allowing ICICI Bank to introduce investment opportunities from ICICI Securities to its customers, enhancing cross-selling opportunities. 
Better Technology & InnovationCollaboration enables the sharing of technology, with ICICI Securities benefiting from ICICI Bank’s advanced technology to improve services and attract more customers.
Cost Optimization Operating as a subsidiary of ICICI Bank allows cost-saving by sharing resources, benefiting both entities by reducing overhead costs and enabling the allocation of resources to core activities.
Regulatory ConsiderationsOperating as a subsidiary of ICICI Bank ensures compliance with regulations while leveraging resources from a larger bank, and navigating regulatory restrictions effectively.
Key Reasons Behind ICICI Bank & ICICI Securities Merger

Now, let’s look at them in detail one by one-

(B.1) Synergy & Efficiency Boost

By integrating ICICI Securities as a wholly-owned subsidiary of ICICI Bank, both entities can leverage synergies. How? You may ask. Well, this alignment will allow them to streamline operations, reduce duplication, and enhance efficiency.

Let me break it down in simple terms.

ICICI Bank is the big player here, and ICICI Securities is its smaller partner. By joining forces, they can share resources and knowledge.

For instance, if ICICI Bank has a customer looking for investment advice, instead of sending them elsewhere, they can now turn to ICICI Securities. This saves time and money, making both parties happy.

Together, they can organize their tasks more efficiently, each focusing on their strengths without overlapping. This means smoother operations and better service for customers.

In short, bringing ICICI Securities into the fold isn’t just about ownership—it’s about working smarter together to serve customers and grow the business.

(B.2) Holistic Financial Services

The merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities will provide a complete package of financial services to customers. Means? With ICICI Bank’s banking know-how and ICICI Securities’ brokerage and investment services, customers get a one-stop solution for all their financial needs.

For example, suppose you want to open a savings account and invest in stocks. Instead of going to different places for each service, you would be able to do it all through the merged entity. This simplifies things for customers and makes managing their finances easier.

So yes, the merger will bring the expertise together from both sides to offer customers a holistic range of financial services, making it more convenient and efficient for them to manage their money.

(B.3) Customer Sourcing and Acquisition

The merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities means they can reach more customers. ICICI Bank has lots of customers and connections, which makes it easier to sell different financial products to them.

Consider a scenario where ICICI Bank has a strong presence in retail banking, serving individuals and families with various banking products like savings accounts and loans. With the merger, ICICI Securities can utilize this customer base to introduce investment opportunities, such as mutual funds or retirement plans, to these existing customers.

How? You may wonder.

For instance, a customer who regularly visits their local ICICI Bank branch to manage their savings account may also be interested in diversifying their portfolio by investing in mutual funds. Through the combined entity, ICICI Securities can tap into ICICI Bank’s customer base and offer personalized investment solutions tailored to each customer’s financial goals and risk tolerance.

In essence, the merger facilitates cross-selling opportunities. Thus, the combined entity can serve the diverse financial needs of its customers in a better way!

(B.4) Better Technology & Innovation

When ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities join forces, they can share their technology and come up with new ideas together. ICICI Securities can use ICICI Bank’s advanced technology to improve the services it offers.

Let’s say, ICICI Bank might have a really efficient mobile banking app that makes it easy for customers to manage their accounts. By sharing this technology with ICICI Securities, they can develop a similar app for managing investments, making it simpler for customers to track their stocks or mutual funds. In simple terms, you can say- one team creating two products!

So, in short, this collaboration benefits both sides. ICICI Bank gets to share its technology and stay ahead of the competition, while ICICI Securities improves its services and attracts more customers.

(B.5) Cost Optimization

Operating as a subsidiary of ICICI Bank instead of as an independent company can help ICICI Securities save money. By sharing things like buildings, administrative tasks, and resources with ICICI Bank, they can cut down on expenses.

In this way, this cost-saving strategy benefits both sides. ICICI Bank can reduce overhead costs by sharing resources with its subsidiary, while ICICI Securities can allocate more resources to core business activities, such as expanding its product offerings or investing in technology upgrades. 

As a result, both entities will improve their financial performance and remain competitive in the market.

(B.6) Regulatory Considerations

When it comes to regulations, a full merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities might have some limitations. However, if ICICI Securities operates as a subsidiary of ICICI Bank, it can still enjoy the perks of being associated with a big bank while following the rules set by regulators.

You can assume it is like playing by the rules while still getting the benefits. For example, suppose regulations are limiting the expansion of independent security firms. By operating as a subsidiary, ICICI Securities can avoid these restrictions while still tapping into the resources and expertise of ICICI Bank.

That’s how this approach benefits both sides. ICICI Bank can expand its reach and offerings through its subsidiary, while ICICI Securities can access the support and stability of a large bank without running into regulatory roadblocks. 

(C) Controversies surrounding ICICI Securities Merger

ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities Merger

Looks like there’s some resistance to the proposed merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities. As soon as the merger date came closer, the ICICI securities merger was surrounded by multiple controversies. Some of the prominent ones are described below-

(C.1) Quantum MF votes against the merger

Quantum Mutual Fund isn’t too keen on the idea of ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities merger. Hence, voted against it. They’re worried that if the merger happens, it could lead to losses of Rs.6.08 crore for their own investors. 

In a statement released recently, Quantum Mutual Fund mentioned that their Quantum Long Term Equity Value Fund (QLTEVF) and Quantum ELSS Tax Saver Fund (QETSF) have investments in both ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities.

According to Quantum’s calculations, the overall loss to minority shareholders of ICICI Securities could be a whopping Rs 1,776.70 crore if the merger goes through. So, it’s clear that Quantum Mutual Fund is looking out for the interests of its investors and wants to make sure they don’t lose out in this deal.

(C.2) SEBI issued a warning to ICICI Securities 

Seems like ICICI Securities has caught the attention of the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). They’ve received an administrative warning from SEBI after inspecting their books and records.

According to a regulatory filing by ICICI Securities, SEBI issued this warning concerning the inspection of the company’s Merchant Banking activities back in December 2023.

But here’s the thing- despite the warning, it doesn’t seem to have any impact on ICICI Securities’ finances, operations, or other activities. Just to give you some background, ICICI Securities is a subsidiary of ICICI Bank, with ICICI Bank holding about 75% of its shares.

So, while SEBI is keeping an eye on things, it looks like business is continuing as usual for ICICI Securities.

(D) A Quick Recap of Mergers

We have already explained a few prominent mergers and acquisitions in India, viz.-

You can go through these articles for in-depth information.

(E) Final Words on ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities Merger

In wrapping up, the merger between ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities promises a host of benefits for you. It’s all about making things simpler, more efficient, and ultimately more rewarding for you, the customer. By combining their strengths, they aim to provide you with a comprehensive range of financial services, streamline operations, and innovate to meet your needs. 

This merger opens doors to cost savings, technological advancements, and regulatory compliance, all geared towards enhancing your experience and ensuring you get the best possible service.

Ultimately, this ICICI securities merger is about working smarter together to create a stronger, more competitive entity in the financial market. It will ensure a seamless experience for customers while driving growth and success for both ICICI Bank and ICICI Securities!

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Published By: Supti Nandi
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